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Journal Issue
Volume 5 Issue 2, ECEG 2007 / Dec 2007  pp95‑224

Editor: Frank Bannister

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Turkish Local e‑Governments: a Longitudinal Study  pp95‑106

Aykut Arslan

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e‑Democracy in Australia: the Challenge of Evolving a Successful Model  pp107‑116

Jenny Backhouse

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Verification and Validation Issues in Electronic Voting  pp117‑126

Orhan Cetinkaya, Deniz Cetinkaya

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Abstract

Electronic democracy (e‑democracy) is a necessity in this era of computers and information technology. Electronic election (e‑election) is one of the most important applications of e‑democracy, because of the importance of the voters' privacy and the possibility of frauds. Electronic voting (e‑voting) is the most significant part of e‑election, which refers to the use of computers or computerised voting equipment to cast ballots in an election. Due to the rapid growth of computer technologies and advances in cryptographic techniques, e‑voting is now an applicable alternative for many non‑governmental elections. However, security demands become higher when voting takes place in the political arena. Requirement analysis is an important part of the system design process and it is impossible to develop the right system in the right way without a correct and complete set of requirements. In this manner all e‑voting studies mention e‑voting requirements somewhere, and different sets of requirements are defined. Almost all researchers state verifiability as an e‑voting requirement by narrowing the definition of verification. Unfortunately the definitions for verifiability are inadequate and unclear and it is categorised as individual verifiability and universal verifiability, where they are generally misused in the literature. Nowadays the researchers have started to discuss deeply the verification in e‑voting. However there is no obvious consensus about the definitions. Moreover, validation has not been discussed properly yet. This paper focuses on the importance of the verification and validation (V&V) in e‑voting and gives proper definitions for verifiability and validity. Then it describes some V&V activities and explains the relationship between V&V and core requirements that any e‑voting system should satisfy. This paper also states some problems for designing and developing secure e‑voting systems. 

 

Keywords: e-voting, e-voting requirements, validation, validity, verifiability, verification

 

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Trust and the Taxman: a Study of the Irish Revenue's Website Service Quality  pp127‑134

Regina Connolly

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Long‑term Digital Archiving — Outsourcing or Doing it  pp135‑144

Mitja Decman

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Governmental Collaboration and Infrastructural Standards in Belgium  pp145‑152

Alea Fairchild, Bruno de Vuyst

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Evaluating Web Service Composition Methods: the Need for Including Multi‑Actor Elements  pp153‑164

Ralph W. Feenstra, Marijn Janssen, René W. Wagenaar

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Mypage and Borger.dk — A Case Study of Two Government Service Web Portals  pp165‑176

Karin Furuli, Sigrun Kongsrud

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Oxygen Government Practices  pp177‑190

Mary Griffiths

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A Model for Document Management in e‑Government Systems Based on Hierarchical Process Folders  pp191‑204

Raphael Kunis, Gudula Rünger, Michael Schwind

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e‑Voting: Same Pilots, Same Problems, Different Agendas  pp205‑212

Mark Liptrott

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Digitization and Political Accountability in the USA and the Netherlands: Convergence or Reproduction of Differences?  pp213‑224

Albert Meijer

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